November 3rd, 1964: When Rochester’s Senator Keating lost to RFK in the wake of LBJ’s landslide.

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The Kenneth B. Keating Federal Building, 100 State Street. The man approaching was a security guard who said photos were not allowed. After explaining my purpose, the guard in the back said he believed my story but asked to take my name and address. According to the librarian in the RPL’s Local History Room, the guards were mistaken that photos are prohibited. The librarian cited Musumeci v. U.S. Department of Homeland Security, a ruling involving the NYCLU and a man who videotaped himself outside the Daniel Patrick Moynihan Courthouse. The court ruled that taking photographs of, or outside, any federal building is permissible. 11/03/16

In keeping with our Presidential visits to Rochester series, on November 3rd, 1964, Rochester’s Senator Kenneth B. Keating lost his re-election bid to Robert F. Kennedy.

grave

First, when a Frenchman was in Rochester and a plaque for Lafayette.

In When President John Quincy Adams visited Rochester on July 27th and 28th, 1843 and toured Mt. Hope Cemetery, the grave of Nathaniel lincolnRochester.

In On Abraham Lincoln in Rochester from Michael Nighan, a plaque and a train station.

occupyIn Memorial Day, 1892, when President Benjamin Harrison dedicated the Soldier’s and Sailor’s Monument in Washington Square Park with Frederick Douglass. And Occupy Rochester, Benjamin Harrison, Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass in the same park Occupy would occupy.

In October, 26th, 1898: the Rough Rider on his way to the Governor’s mansion. TR Comes to Town, again…and again…and again… by Michael Nighan., a statue of Teddy in School 29.

rab-fdr

In FDR’s first visit to Rochester as a national candidate, September 23rd, 1920. And the League of Nations., Rachel in Washington Square Park.

In October 21st, 1920 in Rochester and Governor Harding’s return to normalcy. And the school named after him., a school in North Gates.harding-school-newest

In Governor Roosevelt’s triumphant return to the Convention Hall, October 18th, 1932, a luncheon with Eleanor Roosevelt.

In FDR in Rochester en route to a New Deal landslide, October 17th, 1936, an unfinished portrait.

In When President Truman campaigned in Rochester en route to his upset win over NY Governor Thomas Dewey, a thruway sign.outside-school

In October 23rd and 24th, 1952 when Ike and Adlai were in town back to back. And School 29., the Adlai E. Stevenson School.

In 56 years ago when JFK spoke at the War Memorial. Two days after his debate with Nixon. Nine days after RFK was here., the War Memorial.

In 45 years ago when President Nixon visited Rochester. And 3 days later when East High School erupted in racial violence a media briefing at the Landmark Hotel in Pittsford.running-for-prz

In When Carter stumped Rochester in ’76. And Howard the Duck. it was Howard for Prez.

In October 31st, 1976: Gerald Ford two days before the unelected president’s comeback falls just short., a Playboy

In October 29th, 1980: Carter at a rally six days before the Reagan revolution. And when Bernie Sanders campaigned for Barry Commoner, the Citizen’s Party.

In November 1st, 1984: Ronald Reagan five days before his 49 state landslide. And Jesse Jackson at MCC. And a liberal enclave. it was two rallies.

with BrIAN cropped

In 27 years ago today when President George H. W. Bush visited Wilson Magnet High School, a signed chalkboard.

In 11 years ago when President Bush met J-Mac. And the judgment of history., J-Mac.

In 5 Meliora Weekends ago when President Clinton spoke., Great Books with President Seligman.

In On October 19th, 2012 when Bill Clinton campaigned for Louise Slaughter. And a Socialist at the public market, Peta Lyndsay.

with-billIn A seat at the President’s table three years later, soup and a grilled cheese sandwich at Magnolia’s.

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Kennedy’s 9/29/64 visit to Rochester (11/01/64)

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from 56 years ago when JFK spoke at the War Memorial. Two days after his debate with Nixon. Nine days after RFK was here.

 

 

 

 

 

 

In 1964, New York Senator Republican Kenneth Keating from Rochester faced two big obstacles in his re-election bid. In 1958, Keating had only narrowly defeated Frank Hogan by less than two percentage points.

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from “The Agony of the GOP” The Cow Palace, July 1964

First, Keating’s opponent was Robert Kennedy. Only nine months after JFK’s assassination, RFK walked within the aura of his slain brother.

Furthermore, Kennedy had been a popular US Attorney General under LBJ before leaving his cabinet position on August 22, 1964 to run for the senate.

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(left, bottom, 7/19/62, right 8/19/64)

Second, at the top of the Republican ticket in 1964 was Barry Goldwater. Goldwater was very unpopular in New York; Kennedy was sure to ride Lyndon Johnson’s big coattails.

See LBJ and RFK in Rochester, October 15th,1964 and 56 years ago when JFK spoke at the War Memorial. Two days after his debate with Nixon. Nine days after RFK was here.

Keating had the same problems faced today by many Republican lawmakers and candidates who are wary of Donald Trump at the top of the 2016 Republican ticket.  In an October 9th article, The growing list of Republicans withdrawing support for Donald Trump, The Guardian offers a long list of prominent Republicans leaders who have disavowed Trump, many fearing for their own re-elections.

Three days ago, in Which Republicans Oppose Donald Trump? A Cheat Sheet, The Atlantic added to the list, including a report that Colin Powell might endorse Hillary Clinton.

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Sat Sep 5 1964

Like other Republicans in Democratic leaning states, in 1964 Keating tried to distance himself as much as possible from Goldwater. During the Republican convention, Keating left the Cow Palace before Goldwater’s acceptance speech. During the campaign, Keating jousted with the national GOP who didn’t want Keating to reject Goldwater outright.

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Sat Oct 31 1964

See “The Agony of the GOP” The Cow Palace, July 1964

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Nixon at the GOP convention from “The Agony of the GOP” The Cow Palace, July 1964

In September, former Vice President Richard Nixon offered to support both Goldwater and Keating. Nixon himself had chosen not to run for President in 1964, sure that LBJ could not be beaten.

During the campaign, Keating portrayed Kennedy as a carpetbagger from Massachusetts. While New York State law only requires a senator be a resident at the time of election, Kennedy had only spend a short time in the state, all during his boyhood. (The same charges of carpetbaggerism were made when Hillary Clinton successfully ran for NY Senate in 2000.) After Kennedy won, a popular quip was: now Massachusetts had three senators.

Keating’s Rochester supporters also tried to dim the aura of the Kennedy name. Several dozen Rochesterians named Kennedy placed an ad in the D & C, “Kennedys for Keating,” warning against falling for the “Kennedy” spell.

Keating best hope was big crossover voting, a split ticket: Johnson for president and Keating for senator. Another ad in the D & C instructed voters how to mark a crossover ballot. And Split Ticket buttons appeared: Johnson 1-B and Keating 2-A.crossover-page0001

Keating drew big crowds at Rochester rallies.  The Seneca Indians even made Keating an honorary blood brother for backing a 15 million dollar bill to compensate the tribe for the loss of much of its Allegheny Reservation.

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(left, 8/23/64, center, rally at the War Memorial, right, 9/21/64)

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Kennedy at the UofR 9/30/64

Keating was very much Monroe County’s favorite son. Born in Lima, NY, Keating graduated from the University of Rochester, taught for a year at East High School, practiced law in Rochester and was Brighton’s town attorney. From 1947 – 1959, Keating represented Rochester-area districts in Congress.

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1964 NY Senate election Red = Keating; Blue = Kennedy

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Plaque on the Vietnam Veteran’s Memorial Walk of Honor in Highland Park from LBJ and RFK in Rochester, October 15th,1964

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Fri Nov 27 1964

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Wed Nov 4 1964

But Kennedy also drew big crowds, including a rally at the University of Rochester. Keating’s obstacles proved too great. Kennedy won 53.5 – 43.4%. Keating did carry Monroe County and did better state wide than Goldwater.

The night of November 3rd was jubilation at the Manger Hotel and dejection at the Powers Building. After a two week vacation in the Virgin Islands, Keating returned to Rochester looking rested if not unburdened.

Upon his death in 1975, the Times-Union reviewed  Keating’s many accomplishment including making brigadier general in the Army Reserves in 1948, serving as an associate judge at the State Court of Appeals, and serving as the US Ambassador to Israel from 1969 – 1972.

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The home on 3500 Elmwood Road in Brighton that Keating bequeathed to the University of Rochester 11/3/16

In his will, Keating left his Georgian Colonial home on 3500 Elmwood Road in Brighton to the University of Rochester where his papers are held in the Rush Rhees Rare Book Room.  Keating’s body was interred in Arlington National Cemetery, Fort Myer, Virginia.

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Arlington National Cemetery, Fort Myer, VA

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Times-Union, May 6, 1975 Scanned courtesy of the RPL’s Local History Division

SEE ALSO

Which Presidential election mattered the most to you?

Memories of presidential visits on Election Day in Brighton