On the defacing of “Reflecting” in Nathaniel Square and restoring the grave of “America’s first professional racist” in Mt. Hope Cemetery

On the defacing of “Reflecting” in Nathaniel Square and restoring the grave of “America’s first professional racist” in Mt. Hope Cemetery

6/18/20. Reflecting by Pepsy Kettavong, Nathaniel Square, 62 Alexander Street. See Reflecting on Reflecting  with Pepsy Kettavong. All photos by David Kramer except where indicated. See all articles on the recent rallies at end.

Today, when cycling down South Avenue, I discovered that Reflecting, Pepsy Kettavong’s statue of Nathaniel Rochester in Nathaniel Square, is defaced. The Colonel’s arms are spray painted blood red; his glasses, nose and strands of his hair now pink. His brow reads: SHAME.

6/18/20. Reflecting by Pepsy Kettavong, Nathaniel Square, 62 Alexander Street. See Reflecting on Reflecting  with Pepsy Kettavong

His top hat says JERK. His back is marked by WHITE SUPREMACY.

6/18/20. Written on the bench of Reflecting by Pepsy Kettavong, Nathaniel Square, 62 Alexander Street. See Reflecting on Reflecting  with Pepsy Kettavong

His seat yokes together SLAVERY and CAPITALISM and the stealing of indigenous lands.

The defacers left no manifesto, but their objections to the statue are clear: the undeniable fact that Colonel Nathaniel Rochester once owned slaves and made much of his wealth in the slave trade.

The sight first reminded me of an October 2017 conversation with Pepsy that became Reflecting on Reflecting  with Pepsy Kettavong. We talked about the creation of the statue in 2007 when Pepsy met with representatives from then Mayor Johnson’s office to discuss the appropriate way to honor Rochester:

Pepsy was well aware of Rochester’s slave ownership.  At the same time, Pepsy thinks we have to look at the historical context and understand the good and the bad.  Like many in his time, Rochester owned slaves, but he was also an officer in the Revolutionary War and was exceedingly generous with his resources.

David Kramer with Nathaniel Rochester in Nathaniel Square with jug provided by Nathaniel Rochester Square Corner Store [Photo: Bill York of the Nathaniel Rochester Square Corner Store] 7/28/16. See Reflecting on Reflecting with Pepsy Kettavong

Most importantly was Pepsy’s choice of presenting Rochester in Reflecting. Pepsy avoided a heroic pose such as Rochester on horseback or having the statue dominate the Square. The statue is not a glorification. Instead, we see a pensive Rochester leaning on a cane next to his hat. Pepsy’s goal is to allow viewers to reflect on their own lives and where they are at this historical moment.  The statue opens up — rather than closes off like the most offensive statues of slave holding Confederate generals — the viewer’s interpretations.  One can imagine Rochester looking out on the world and seeing the progress we have made. For Pepsy, the statue is a place for quiet meditation in a little urban oasis in a busy neighborhood.

I called Pepsy but have not yet heard back. Surely, as was I, he is saddened by how the defacers reflected on Reflecting. I understand why some want to make vividly visible Nathaniel Rochester’s position as slave owner and trader. But there are less destructive ways to convey the message: a mini-rally in the Square emphasizing Rochester’s legacy, a billboard spelling out the objections, rotating groups of protesters holding signs in a days long vigil.¹

I then proceeded to search out Nathanielania around town.  On the Broad Street Bridge a plaque honors Rochester.

On the Broad Street Bridge, 6/18/20

The plaque misleadingly mentions that Rochester freed his slaves when moving from Maryland to Dansville. Rochester did free his slaves, more from practicality than a deep affinity with the abolitionist movement. But, as importantly — not noted on the plaque — Rochester continued to trade in slaves.

Timeline Piece on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Highland Park, 6/18/20. 1803 Rochester (originally a trading post is settled by Colonel Nathaniel Rochester.

As seen in Portrait of a slave trader: Confronting the real Nathaniel Rochester (Ron Netsky, CITY, 2/11/04) and “We Called Her Anna:” Nathaniel Rochester and Slavery in the Genesee County (Rochester History, Vol. 71, Spring 2009, No. 1), in the last 15 years, close inspection of multiple documents reveal the depth and success of Rochester’s slave trading dealings. While the plaque was written before the new information came to light, enough was known for the plaque not to be silent on the subject.

(top) Nathaniel Rochester Community School # 3, 85 Adams Street; (bottom) The Nathaniel Apartment Homes, 103 Court Street.

I doubt the owners of The Nathaniel deeply considered Rochester’s legacy of slave owning and trading when naming its upscale luxury apartments.

I returned to Nathaniel Square where I met LT and Trish. LT knew all about Rochester’s legacy; he knew of the plaque on the Broad Street Bridge and its misleading statement.

Nathaniel Square. LT and Trish.

LT was clear in his opinion. The Square should not have been Nathaniel Square in the first place. With Harriet Tubman soon to be on the twenty dollar bill, now is the perfect time to rename the park, move Reflecting and install a statue of Tubman.

LT had his say on The Nathaniel. He walked by the complex every day during its construction. When realizing the building would be named after Colonel Rochester, LT thought, first they name the city after him, then they name the park after him, then there he is sitting in the park. And now they name a building for rich people after him? As LT said, he was born here, lived here his whole life and this is bullshit.  LT mused that if the vandals want to make a show, they could spray paint the fancy windows on the entrance to The Nathaniel . Both Trish and LT said defacing the statue was wrong, but LT added, people are gonna feel what people are gonna feel.

In LT, I could see the intersection of what might be called the “Two Colonel Rochester’s:” one Colonel Rochester the founding father on a plaque, on a school wall, in a city park and a symbol of gentrification on The Nathaniel; the other Colonel Rochester bearing the legacy of slavery.

I then went to Mt. Hope Cemetery to take pictures of Rochester’s grave site. I also wanted to see again the fallen and dilapidated grave of Dr. John Van Evrie that lies a few paces from Nathaniel.

Dr. John H. Van Evrie’s gravesite in Mt. Hope Cemetery from In search of America’s “first professional racist” in Rochester

In search of America’s “first professional racist” in Rochester tells the story of Rochestarian Dr. John H. Van Evrie — called by historians one of America’s “first professional racists.” A popular racial propagandist, Van Evrie married into the Rochester family. While Van Evrie’s was particularly virulent and vocal in his racist attitudes, he was not out of place in respectable Rochester society, hence meriting burial alongside the first family of Rochester

Upon arrival was a startling coincidence.  Working under the auspices of the Daughters of the American Revolution and the Friends of Mount Hope Cemetery, two men were repairing grave sites in the Rochester family section.²

Grave site of Colonel Nathaniel Rochester. Men repairing graves in background. See In search of America’s “first professional racist” in Rochester

All year the men repaired graves, most recently in Rochester family area.

Tombstone of John H. Van Evrie, M.D. on the repair easel. See In search of America’s “first professional racist” in Rochester

And who was on the repair easel: none other than John H. Van Evrie, M.D. The two images jarred my imagination.  A few miles away, protesting vandals branded in vivid colors Nathaniel Rochester an emblem of white supremacy. Here, on the genteel slopes of Mt. Hope, the fallen and dilapidated grave of a professional racist is being restored, under the auspices of the Daughters of the American Revolution, to its rightful stature near the grave of Rochester’s founding father. I saw a continuity between Nathaniel Rochester, Van Evrie and the systemic racism that drives the Black Lives Movement to not rest until justice comes.


¹ At the end of my trek I saw neighbor and Nazareth College English Professor Ed Wiltse struggling, with a distant look on his face, to pull out a stump in his front yard. Ed pleads guilty to “leaning into” the archetype or stereotype of the absent minded professor doing his yard work while pondering, say, Melville. However, Ed claims he was pondering nothing deeper than the hole he was digging.

Ed offers an insightful take on my day and what he calls “creative disruption as protest:”

Where you saw a statue “defaced,” I see us brought face to face with white supremacy, the necessity of that reckoning underlined by The Nathaniel around the corner, in the brutality of its gentrification and the stupidity of its name.

I don’t disagree with Ed’s trajectory. As long as the spray paint can be removed without permanent damage, the defacers points are well taken (given the inevitable bluntness of certain street graffiti art). The SHAME on Rochester’s brow will long endure on instagram accounts.

Van Evrie’s restored grave, 6/25/20

² Although the Daughters of the American Revolution and the Friends of Mt. Hope Cemetery may be aware of the awful history of Dr. John H. Van Evrie, I doubt they are aware his grave is currently under restoration. The time has come for an explanatory text explaining Van Evrie’s thoroughly debunked “scientific racism” and its effects.

UPDATE: On Friday, I was interviewed on the Bob Lonsberry Show. (Interview with Bob Lonsberry, 6/20/20) The interview went well. Bob carefully explained to his audience that during Rochester’s era, slave owners often freed their slaves not from pangs of conscience but as cost cutting measures. UPDATE: An open invitation to a conversation in Nathaniel Square


An open invitation to a conversation in Nathaniel Square

Reflecting on “Reflecting” with Pepsy Kettavong

Cheese, pepperoni and hope in Nathaniel Square.

In search of America’s “first professional racist” in Rochester


The good more than overshadowing the bad on Monroe Avenue and Liberty Pole Way

VILLA and the trashing of a movement

A Black Lives Matter solidarity rally with commentary from Kholaa and a walk down Joseph Avenue

What is it to be “Woke?”

About The Author


Welcome to Talker of the Town! My name is David Kramer. I have a Ph.D in English and teach at Keuka College. I am a former and still active Fellow at the Nazareth College Center for Public History and a Storyteller in Residence at the SmallMatters Institute. Over the years, I have taught at Monroe Community College, the Rochester Institute of Technology and St. John Fisher College. I have published numerous Guest Essays, Letters, Book Reviews and Opinion pieces in The New York Times, Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, the Buffalo News, the Rochester Patriot, the Providence Journal, the Providence Business News, the Brown Alumni Magazine, the New London Day, the Boston Herald, the Messenger Post Newspapers, the Wedge, the Empty Closet, the CITY, Lake Affect Magazine and Brighton Connections. My poetry appears in The Criterion: An International Journal in English and Rundenalia and my academic writing in War, Literature and the Arts and Twentieth Century Literary Criticism. Starting in February 2013, I wrote for three Democratic and Chronicle  blogs, "Make City Schools Better," "Unite Rochester," and the "Editorial Board." When my tenure at the D & C  ended, I wanted to continue conversations first begun there. And start new ones.  So we created this new space, Talker of the Town, where all are invited to join. I don’t like to say these posts are “mine.” Very few of them are the sole product of my sometimes overheated imagination. Instead, I call them partnerships and collaborations. Or as they say in education, “peer group work.” Talker of the Town might better be Talkers of the Town. The blog won’t thrive without your leads, text, pictures, ideas, facebook shares, tweets, comments and criticisms.


  1. Thilde

    This one is really dramatic. I feel like this is an eerie cultural art installation unfolding in real time. Dark.


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